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  1. That's a bit of a joke heading - I really do try to be a good fish mommy, but I'm worried now. The situation: A ten-gallon, which I cycled with flakes, doing a massive water change before adding my baby. The filtration is Ryan Coughlan's plant filter. Here are the parameters: The tank's been running for about four months. Current temp is about 70 F. Ammonia - zero Nitrites - zero Nitrates - trace pH 6.8 KH 80 (moderate) GH 150 (hard) These parameters have been absolutely stable (except for temperature, which has gone down slightly in the winter - I have no heater) every time I've tested. I've also confirmed them with drop tests from API. I normally do a 15 to 20 percent water change every week. Inhabitant: Faramir fish, a baby comet I rescued from our local Petco in October. He is about an inch long. No gravel. Four Marigolds on top of the tank. Two plastic plants and one bio-rock in with the fish. I have been feeding him Tetra flakes, morning and evening. I know they're not the best, but he is so little that he couldn't begin to handle pro-gold. Also, I have not been able to buy it - Rick is sold out. On one occasion, a bit more than a month ago, I overdid it with the evening flakes. Afterward he was bottom sitting, and then he had a string of dangling feces. It was a bit bubbly, but the color of his food. I saw more signs of constipation in the weeks following. I tried to feed him a pea, broken up small, but he wouldn't touch it. In the past two weeks, the bottom sitting has increased, alternating with his gulping air at the top of the tank. He grazes on the algae in the tank when he has the energy. He seems thin, and his gills look a little swollen to me. It also seems he's been struggling to eat, even the flakes. He used to inhale them, but now he spits them out and then pecks at them. Also, he's not noticing his food right away, as he used to do. So, thinking he might have gill flukes, I dosed the tank with Prazipro (Hikari) on Tuesday. It seemed to perk him up, but the bottom sitting increased. Today, I did a 40-50 percent water change and re-dosed. He was sitting behind his rock with his fins clamped before the water change, and again just now. His color seems a little pale to me, and, as I said, he's thin and has swollen gills. But otherwise there's not a mark on him. Since I added the Prazi, he doesn't seem to be gulping air as much. I intend to give him another big water change on Monday. Took a film - with my phone - of him swimming today, and also a somewhat blurry pic. I'll try to post these below if I can figure out how. Oh - I do know the tank is small, but he is tiny, and I thought he'd be okay for awhile. You can see Ryan's filtration system by googling "groponix". I wish he would come up with a larger one for a 20 long or 29 - that would be ideal! As it is, I think it's a great system; it would be wonderful for a feisty betta that didn't mind all that space, or for a group of White Clouds. But I love goldies! And I really thought this would work for a baby, for a year or two, anyway.
  2. Hi, I noticed about two days ago that one of my comets is sitting near the top of the water (about an inch from the top) and his top fin is clamped down. He is not gasping, or gulping, but looks more like he is chewing cud or mumbling. He is eating normally, and can swim around normally when I go near the tank, but when I go away again he just sits near the top again. Occasionally he will swim around the tank and it is as though he is blind, and cant see, and jumps when he bumps into something, like he has had a fright. Late tonight another has started showing the fin clamping symptom and they are both sitting in the same area of the tank. I cannot see any ich, any excessive mucus, or any marks or cottonwool fungi on either of them. Neither are constipated, or showing signs of swim bladder. Both are able to swim quite normally to the bottom of the tank, and stay there if they want to. The others are all swimming about quite happily... in fact they look better than I have seen them before, so I don't think it can be the water change I have just done (details below). I should add, they are feed twice a day I alternate between Nutrafin Max flakes which are lowered below the surface of the water, and sera goldy gran soaked. They consume all the food in less than 2 min, and I make sure I don't feed them more than this, even when they beg! I have a 100L tank, with hood, overhead lighting, and a overhead sump filter, filtering 1500L/hour... or that's what the info said. I set it up with scoria gravel bed, under gravel filter (for extra biological filtration and additional aeration), a air pump which has 2 outlets @ 200L/hr each, and some soft silicon ornaments, a large diving helmet for them to hide in (i made sure it had no sharp edges) and a 131mm round air stone. The tank is not planted. I let the tank sit for two weeks with no fish for everything to settle prior to adding the fish, with the filter running. I am unable to source any ammonia, so I have had to do a fish in cycle, so I bought the 6 small comets (less than 2inch each) from the pet shop, as they said they are the hardiest. I intend to do a slow tank cycling, so that the fish are not tooo stressed, and realise this will mean more frequent water changes. They have been in the tank just on two weeks now. I sadly lost one a day after I bought them, so now I have five. They are not going to live in the tank once it is cycled, because I understand comets grow to big for my tank. My parents in law have a pond they will be going in. It is large, has lots of duckweed over it, and lots of places for them to hide from anything interested in them. Just prior to purchasing the comets I found out about the KH and GH. That did my head in! But again, it sounded like it might have been the problem with my jumping ph water issues, so I ordered a test kit. That was all well and good, I have been testing the water, but had no idea of what to do with the results or what they meant. I found the water sources I had available had the following parameters: Rainwater: KH less than 10? it was less than one drop for the API KH test GH 20? PH less than 6 Townwater: KH 53? GH 215? PH 8.2 I realised too from my research in the last week that it is good to keep records of the tank water readings I have taken, so I have started doing that. Prior to my keeping records, I was testing the water daily to look for ammonia, nitrate or nitrite spikes, and had recorded no readings for any of these. The tank has had fish in for two weeks. These are the readings I have recorded. Prior to this all the readings for ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite were 0ppm and the ph7.4. Date water change? KH GH PH Amonia ppm Nitrite ppm Nitrate ppm 3/04/2015 30% WC after tests unknown unknown 7.4 stable 0.5 0 0 5/04/2015 no unknown unknown 7.4 0 0 0 6/04/2015 prior to WC 10 55 7.4 0.1 0 0 after WC 45 179 7.5 0.1 0 0 It was only after reading some information on KH and GH on your forum that the penny finally clicked. I had been reading about it on all sorts of websites for days, and it meant absolutely nothing to my poor brain, other than I had a problem with the water. I now under stood the importance of the GH for goldfish, so today I did a partial water change (30%), and used a larger percentage of town water than I had previously. This has resulted in the ph sitting a teeny bit higher, at 7.5 instead of 7.4, but the GH is now around 179 and the KH is now about 45. At least my little fish will be getting some minerals from their water now. I did it slowly over a couple of hours to let them adjust to the new water parameters. I always make sure I use prime water conditioner when I do water changes, let it sit for at least an hour prior to adding it to the tank, and always test the ph and temp before adding it to the tank. I have kept a smaller tank for treatments if required, and I have some medications on hand, they both turn the water blue... malachite? just a guess from here. I can check if that is necessary. The only other information I have missed out is that I added 6 small mystery snails to the tank about a week ago. Oh, and prior to the record taking, I was doing a 30% water change once a week. The water temp is 24-25 degrees Celsius, with no heater on. We are just coming out of our summer in Australia. Also the filter media in the overhead filter is filter wool, very fine filter wool, scoria gravel and carbon. I have been rinsing the filter wools in the water removed from the tank then putting it back in the filter sump. I have not touched the carbon or the scoria since setting the overhead sump filter up properly for the fish two weeks ago. I am very careful about not letting any chemicals enter the tank, either by air, or on anything touching the water. I don't know what to do. Can you please let me know if you can help? Or if I am over reacting? I realise you are probably on holiday, but any help would be very very very gratefully accepted. I cannot bare seeing any animals suffer.
  3. KH: 8 GH: 15 AM: 0 NITRATE: Between 10-20 NITRITE: 0 TEMP: 78F TANK SIZE: 55G INHABITANTS: 4 fish total: 2 very small juvenile GF, 1 moor and another Telescope. 2 quite large female GF: 1 Red Oranda and 1 Orange Ryukin (both about 2 years old) FILTERS: 1 hang on the back '50 gal sized' filter 1 Lg 402 Fluval cannister filter 1 large sponge filter with power head (pointed against wall to minimize tank disturbance) 1 medium sized bio wheel filter MAINTENANCE: 50 GAL WEEKLY WATER CHANGES (Occasionally I will do 2 33% water changes in one week). All filters are squeezed out in old aquarium water. Bottom, with very large river stones is vacuumed. FOOD: Frozen brine shrimp, daphnia, some veggie dry (small) pellets, spirulina flakes, veggie based gel food Problem: This weekend I noticed one anchor worm on my large Oranda- she was swimming normally with it. I used forceps and pull the worm off (right behind her back fin). Now, 2 days later, I am noticing that both of my large goldies (the Ryukin and Oranda) are sitting on the bottom of the tank (cutely always by each other) with their dorsal fins sagging and both looking sad. I notice too that they occasionally seem agitated like they have an itch- but cannot see any parasites or other worms. Coloration is very normal (healthy), they eat when offered food, and are only active if I am in the room and interact with them. I do not see any white spots, additional anchor worms or anything outwardly weird. I am very concerned as this is not their normal behavior. As a precaution I have the tank at 2.5 salinity (2.5 tsp per gal of salt) and plan on raising it to 3.0 (3 tsp per gal) tonight. I've also done 2 Methylene Blue dips at 1 tsp per 5 gal (double the standard tank medicating dose) the last two days using existing tank water. This has resulted in daily water changes of about 15%. I did feed the goldies split pees and found large, very green portions of feces upon vacuuming the tank- the next day- so I am making the assumption this is not constipation. Last night I also fed bits of raw garlic to fight off any parasitic issues- which was readily eaten. Any insight as to what is causing this i would be most helpful--- heading the AQ store to get more salt...ugh. Thanks!
  4. Test Results for the Following: * Ammonia Level(Tank)0 * Nitrite Level(Tank)0 * Nitrate level(Tank)0 * Ammonia Level(Tap)0 * Nitrite Level(Tap)0 * Nitrate level(Tap)0 * Ph Level, Tank (If possible, KH, GH and chloramines)8 * Ph Level, Tap (If possible, KH, GH and chloramines)7.5 Other Required Info: * Brand of test-kit used and whether strips or drops? API master test kit - Liquid * Water temperature? Room Temp (70F) * Tank size (how many gals.) and how long has it been running? 55gal for 2 years * What is the name and "size of the filter"(s)? tetra fs 30-60 * How often do you change the water and how much? bi weekly 1/4-1/3 * How many days ago was the last water change and how much did you change? 7 * How many fish in the tank and their size? 2 1 small goldfish (2 inches long) and a larger companion (6 inches long) * What kind of water additives or conditioners? Prime * What do you feed your fish and how often? daily flakes, occasional peas * Any new fish added to the tank? nope * Any medications added to the tank? nope * List entire medication/treatment history for fish and tank. Please include salt, Prazi, PP, etc and the approximate time and duration of treatment. * Any unusual findings on the fish such as "grains of salt," bloody streaks, frayed fins or fungus? No * Any unusual behavior like staying at the bottom, not eating, etc.? Bottom Sitting Hello, our goldfish (named Dragon) is bottom sitting today, this is likely due to constipation from overfeeding (bloating). Though I have been feeding a very small amount of food for this goldfish and its companion, perhaps it is good at getting the lions share. Regardless we will be adjusting our feeding strategy to avoid this in the future. While Dragon was on the bottom I noticed two white bumps and photographed them, do they warrant extra attention? http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelowe/11842699184/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelowe/11842846884/ There are two, one very apparent and another less so above, to be honest when I first saw them they looked like pimples (bacteria).
  5. * Ammonia Level 0-0.25 ppm * Nitrite Level 0 * Nitrate level 10 ppm * Ph Level, Tank 7.4-7.6 KH = 3 drops, GH = >11 drops * Ph Level, Tap 7.2-7.4 KH tap = 1-2 drops GH = 2-4 drops; Ammonia = 0.-0.25 ppm tap water, a new thing Other Required Info: * Brand of test-kit used and whether strips or drops? API drops * Water temperature? 78 deg F * Tank size (how many gals.) and how long has it been running? 28 qt Rubbermaid Quarantine Tank; 7 weeks, started with cycled media and Safe-Start when Kosmo came home w/us * What is the name and "size of the filter"(s)? Aqua-clear Power Filter 20 * How often do you change the water and how much? 50% each week * How many days ago was the last water change and how much did you change?today 50%; yesterday and day before, 50% each. * How many fish in the tank and their size? 1 Calico Telescope fancy goldfish, about 2 inches nose to tip of tail * What kind of water additives or conditioners? Prime; aquarium salt, Epsom salt, Seachem Equilibrium, Neutral Regulator, Alkaline Buffer * What do you feed your fish and how often? 1-2% body weight in homemade gel food or Hikari Lionhead 1x per day * Any new fish added to the tank? Negative -- Kosmo IS the new fish * Any medications added to the tank? Prazi Pond Plus 5 mg/L added today; Baytril solution 0.5 mL by mouth yesterday and today * List entire medication/treatment history for fish and tank. Please include salt, Prazi, PP, etc and the approximate time and duration of treatment. 2 treatments with Minn-Fin first week we had him; has been at Aquarium salt 0.15-0.20% the entire time. * Any unusual findings on the fish such as "grains of salt," bloody streaks, frayed fins or fungus? One wonders if belly is a little more bulgy on one side, but it's not excessively soft or firm. Thin stringy white poop yesterday (poop was normal thickness, green like food about 3-5 days ago). No other visible changes. Gills pink to light pink, maybe anemia color?(haven't seen anemia gills before). * Any unusual behavior like staying at the bottom, not eating, etc.? Over last 7-10 days has been spending more and more time on bottom. Changed water 2 days ago and then when we got up yesterday, the poor little guy was on the bottom, too weak to hold himself up straight, tail tends to be bent to one side. If anyone can please help us treat our little fish, it would be super and we'd appreciate it so much! Back story: 2 days ago at the time of weekly water change, I had increased Epsom salt from 1/4 teaspoon per 28 quarts to 1 tablespoon per 28 quarts and added 1 teaspoon baking soda, which I've never done, because KH = only 3 drops only in API kit. (info found when looking up on I-net how to dose Epsom salts *facepalm*) When we woke up & found him not only bottom sitting but also so limp yesterday morning we worried it was too much change in minerals for the lil' guy, maybe making his muscles weak (hey -- if it works on pregnant women in labor or with high blood pressure, why wouldn't it relax GF muscles too?). Immediate 50-60% water change without baking soda and without the extra Epsom salt, thought maybe a trace improvement? Another 50% water change today, no change in fish with this water change. Today his physical exam is unchanged except no white poop at his vent today and he seems so much weaker too. He was breathing a bit rapidly this morning, now seems kinda slow. He just lies on his side on bottom of tank, will try to get away if we try to pick him up but otherwise just lying there. Won't try to eat. Seems almost too weak to move, really. We started Baytril yesterday thinking maybe bacterial infection because of increasing lethary, thin white poop, new weakness. No specific signs of parasites but in case parasites had opened the door for bacteria, we started Prazi-pond Plus today as they say it's fairly innocuous for the fish. Can you share any thoughts, suggestions, or encouragement please? Nothing so far seemed to help poor Kosmo and it's so tough to watch him seeming weaker and weaker. He was such a lively little Telescope when he came home with us. Thank you!
  6. Hi, thanks for helping me. I’ve two goldfish in my tank and recently-for the past few days- my black moor has been acting really lethargic, sitting in the same corner- he’d swim around a bit, then go to the exact corner behind a plant. So, worried about the ammonia levels, I decided a water change was in order, and in the middle of siphoning out the water, the poor black moor got sucked in and got stuck between the tube and the vacuum. I got him out, but his protruding eyes seemed to have ruptured, the skin flows around his eyes, you can see his eyes but they don’t protrude. I don’t think he can see anything and he still seems extremely lethargic and doesn’t move around unless the other goldfish bumps into him. I'll post pictures and a video as soon as my phone turns on. Test Results for the Following: * Ammonia Level (tank): I’m sorry, I can’t give any information about the water. * Nitrite Level (tank) * Nitrate level (Tank) * Ammonia Level (Tap): * Nitrite Level (Tap) * Nitrate level (Tap) * Ph Level, (Tank) (If possible, KH, GH and chloramines) * Ph Level, (Tap) (If possible, KH, GH and chloramines) Other Required Info: * Brand of test-kit used and whether strips or drops?- N/A * What is the name and "size of the filter"(s)? I don’t remember the name but it was a 20-30 gallon filter. * What kind of water additives or conditioners? “Startup Kit” * Water temperature? Hovering around 60 F * How often do you change the water and how much? Typically once a week at about 25% * How many days ago was the last water change and how much did you change? Today, I was worried and was in the process of a 40% change though * Tank size (how many gals.) and how long has it been running? Fifteen, two months * How many fish in the tank and their size? Two, about an inch and a half each * What do you feed your fish and how often? Once a day, a pinch of betta flakes. * Any new fish added to the tank? No * Any medications added to the tank? No * List previous issues experienced (dropsy, SBD, etc.) None at all * Any unusual findings on the fish such as "grains of salt," bloody streaks, frayed fins or fungus? No, aside from the lack of protruding eyes and the skin around the face * Any unusual behavior like staying at the bottom, not eating, etc.? The other goldfish is fine- though he does like to sit between the filter and the wall of the tank, but the black moor stays at the bottom and seems to be gasping for air * List entire medication/treatment history for fish and tank. Please include salt, Prazi, PP, etc and the approximate time and duration of treatment. Absolutely no problems until now * You can really help us to identify with the concern more accurately if you post some pictures and a short video.
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