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cheekylemur

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  1. Frozen bloodworms are great for handfeeding - they love them so much they'll get braver faster than with pellets, I've found.
  2. Red's the biggest goldfish I've got at the moment, about 2-3 years old now. http://vimeo.com/2111976 Rupert the ranchu is probably close in body mass though, given his shoebox-like build http://vimeo.com/2111689 (complete with whining kitty soundtrack)
  3. You see more gallons per fish recommended for ponds because the turnover rate is usually much lower - meaning it takes longer to move the pond water through the filter than it does in an aquarium. The extra water to dilute waste keeps it safer, and when you're talking about a really big pond, means you don't have to change out an unreasonable amount of water weekly. 10 gallons a piece, with a fairly low turnover rate in the pond isn't great (you're looking at about 5x an hour with your pump - maybe less depending on the height - versus 10x an hour in a good goldfish aquarium), especially with 2 commons in there already. You might want to keep fewer fish outside until you see how your water readings look as they get out there and start growing.
  4. You should check with your credit card company if you're uncomfortable with it. Mine allows me to generate a "virtual account number". I can specify when it expires, whether the number can be charged more than once, and set a maximum allowable charge. Even if it gets stolen, it doesn't matter since the number won't be any good after it is used for the purchase.
  5. I suspect goldfish don't feel pain the same way we do. They do feel sensations, and react to them, and that can cause them discomfort. But I've also seen one of my own fish, and another of someone else fall asleep on a heater and get severely burned without swimming away - which I don't think a mammal would do. However their nerves work exactly, I don't believe they react to all the same stimuli the same way you may be imagining.
  6. I can understand your skepticism, but from what I'm seen (and I majored in biology in college, so I do have some reasonable background), I believe this claim is accurate. To see an example of one of the necropsy photos, I'll offer this link (very graphic dissection photo, do not click if squeamish) http://thegab.org/Articles/images/NecropsyTwitchy0703g.jpg The cranial lobe of the swim bladder is a good size and fully inflated, the caudal lobe is practically a stump. When this necropsy was done, this fish had not grown noticeably at all, while his siblings had doubled in size (and are still both around 2 years later). In this case, that observation isn't the simple discrepancy of the organs looking different post-mortem. This kind of difference is what I'm talking about and is representative of what I've seen in necropsies of other stunted fish - it is very different from what I've seen when I've looked at higher end goldfish that weren't undersized. That said, there are different aspects to why a goldfish might be undersized. If the fish isn't fed well, for example, sure, it is reasonable to assume that all growth will be restricted, and the fish will be small. The body and the internal organs will all develop too slowly. Given the "conventional wisdom" about goldfish keeping on some sites, that isn't surprising that it happens. And there is a fair amount of research in various places that calorie restriction can extend life in many animal species, possibly at a cost to the quality of life. On the other hand, you have the influence of growth inhibiting hormones. In a natural environment, these may restrict growth, but not nearly as severely as they do in the tiny water volumes of aquarium-kept fish. In a stunted fish of this type, for example, you'll see the effects externally even if you can't see the effects on the organs. The size of the eye in proportion to the head is wrong, because the eye keeps growing when the body and head don't. If you compare young fish from a high end breeder, kept in spacious, optimal growth conditions to a batch of cheap fish at your local pet mega-chain store, you can learn to see a distinct difference in the ratio of eye size to head size. This kind of differential growth rate does happen in stunted goldfish, where some body parts keep growing and others don't, and you don't have to go as far as looking at the internal organs to see it.
  7. I've seen some evidence of this in necropsies of stunted fish. Several fish I lost that were stunted and old pet store fish had compressed swim bladder lobes, and it looked very much like the other organs had just grown in and filled in the space. Given that nails and hair and rodent teeth can all grow incorrectly while the rest of the body generally doesn't and cause problems, I don't think it is very surprising, from a biological perspective. Tissue growth rates are often uneven in animals and pressing against other soft tissue isn't necessarily a strong physical barrier to growth. If you're growing a single tissue type in a petri dish, there may be biochemical inhibitors that limit its size, but it is inaccurate to assume that those limits on one type of tissue will affect the neighboring tissue from a different organ the same way.
  8. We've seen several cases of this on another board as well. Here's a clear picture of them on my pearlscale. You can also see the petechiae that showed up at the same time. We think there is a reasonable chance they are a pre-dropsy symptom, similar to popeye in other varieties, indicating the fish is having trouble with osmoregulation. I think the pH discussion is a bit of a red herring. Adjusting the hardness of the water (with magnesium [epsom salts] and calcium) and/or the salinity seems to help the pearlscales reduce these blisters. That will not address the underlying cause, however, but can make healing and treatment of the underlying issue easier.
  9. You can call your water company and ask them if they use chloramines and how much. For pure dechlorination, you can just order sodium thiosulfate crystals (sold through pond supply stores and other places) for cheap.
  10. You're not the only one that happens to. I know several people who will only dose with the powdered prazi instead of the premixed liquid because their fish get very lethargic after the dose. Out of curiosity, what's your water like? I've wondered if there is a difference in the way the fish react based on pH or hardness. If mine have flukes, they tend to dive around and flash like crazy for a bit when the prazi starts to work.
  11. Could be. I just bowled up my calico ryukin to measure the other night. He barely fits in the 2.5 gallon tank I use to measure anymore. He's probably a little over 2, and gets lot more than 10 gallons. But then, I have another ryukin that is a good size, but not nearly as fast a grower. Gabriel is very pretty, but from the picture I don't think he's going to be a huge fish any time soon.
  12. I'd keep up the water changes, those will not hurt and may help. If you can grab a sample of water, most pet stores will test for free (just insist they tell you the numbers, not some vague "okay" or "high")
  13. I'm sure you're distressed about your fish, all of us are when they aren't feeling well. You really haven't answered the questions asked about your tank fish to let people give you sound advice. Asking for your water quality readings, information about your care schedule, how much salt you tried for how long, etc. isn't intended to make you needlessly rewrite what you've already said, it's about giving enough information that people can give you good advice.
  14. There are numerous reasons something like that can happen, which doesn't make it easier. The first thing to check, like always, is the water. Could fumes have gotten into the tank that poisoned him? Could there be stray electrical voltage from any of your equipment? I do know of koi who've just gotten spooked and banged into something head first and died as well. I had a fantail who periodically exhibited spastic behavior and frantic swimming, and was found dead suddenly, necropsy revealed a serious internal infection spread through all organs, and it may have been affecting his nervous system. Parasites can certainly also cause jumpiness if they are irritating the fish, although I'm not familiar with them in loaches. Not everyone is emotionally comfortable cutting into a deceased fish, but it can often give you a better idea of what happened and give you a chance to treat the rest of the tank appropriately. In the case of the internal infection in my fish, because I did dissect him, I knew how to sanitize the tank, and could make a reasonable decision about how to treat the other fish that had been in there.
  15. It was great - yup, tank 24 was my tank. The ryukin won the "Here for the Beer" award for being the worst koi entered (ha ha!), and the special "Best Companion Fish", which was a robotic koi someone had written on in Sharpie. I got a chance to talk to all of the judges about my fish, and Peter Ponzio spent a few minutes looking at photos and videos of some of my other goldfish to talk to me about them. Very educational. He recommended I bring two of mine to the Chicago show, but sadly I can't make it down there. Peter also did a lecture about goldfish, I've got transcribing my notes and republishing them on my to-do list when I get some free time. I've got the little black and red pearlie swimming around in QT right now, along with a black oranda and the chocolate pearlie who are flying to a friend in NY next week. Here are pics of all 113 koi exhibited at the show: http://s153.photobucket.com/albums/s230/ch...ching%20Photos/
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