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    Google I believe
  • How many Goldfish
    None but 5 tanks of other things is enough for now!

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  1. Yeah, should do. Just PM me when you're ready
  2. They keep within a good limit actually. Just make sure there isn't too much food loitering around or you might have a few too many on your hands
  3. Got some pink ramshorns for sale again! £5 + £2.50 postage for 12 snails. I also have some Malaysian trumpet snails so if you want a few freebies, let me know!
  4. Hi guys! Got some xmas moss for sale again. Fist-sized clump, £5 + £2.50 postage. If you want more than one clump, I'm happy to combine postage. PM me your address and I'll send details for Paypal ***Please note, the moss may come with pink ramshorn and Malaysian trumpet snails. If you would like some extra hitchhikers, let me know!***
  5. Ok, here it is, written by me a few years ago now (for English coursework of all things!): As hobbyists, we sometimes have to make difficult decisions regarding the welfare of our fish. When a disease overwhelms the animal and we know that despite our best efforts it is not going to improve, we need to overcome our own selfish, squeamish feelings to do what is best. Recently, research has been carried out into fish sensory abilities, with the conclusion that fish can detect pain, contrary to initial beliefs, opening the door to a new wave of studies to discover the kindest way to let the creature pass away. Latest studies on this topic uncovered significant evidence in regards to certain methods of euthanasia, exposing some surprising results. Now, with the aid of the results of these experiments, the hobbyist can take a more educated and humane approach to putting down their pet. The Experiment All the specimines used in this experiment were required to be of identical size in order to accurately compare the results. The specific fish chosen in this test were 3″ common goldfish, all happy and healthy beforehand, to ensure the test remained fair. It had been decided that the best way to analyse the pain level of the animal was to assess the level of stress hormone secreted in their bodies. This, however, presented a problem. How does one intend to obtain stress readings prior to the experiment without the penetration of the needle causing trauma and therefore rendering the results unreliable? Anaesthesia was ruled out as it too would distort the results, so the only way possible was to test the water surrounding the fish for the hormoe being secreted in their urine. The fish involved in these experiments were conditioned in individual 18″x12″x12″ containers with 70% water changed performed daily. The water was tested for the hormone by using a Gas Photo Spectrometer and a Radon Gas Ioniser. The results obtained by the equiptment were recorded in a table and then translated as a rating from 1 to 10 for accessibility to the reader, with 10 being the most humane. The methods tested were CO2, clove oil, MS-222 (tricaine methanesulfonate, a fish and amphibian anaesthetic), freezing, ethanol bath (98%), para formaldehyde (cranial injection and submersed in 30% solution), potassium permangenate (cranial injection), spinal cord severance, decapitation and a hard blow to the head. These are the results obtained, graded from 1 to 10: Method Results CO2 7 Clove Oil 7 MS-222 9 Freezing 1 Ethanol 2 Para Formaldehyde Bath 6 Para Formaldehyde Cranial Injection 9 Potassium Cranial Injection 9.5 Severing of the Spinal Cord 3 Decapitation 4 Hard Blow to The Head Ranging from 1 – 8 Obviously some of the above methods are unavailable to the average hobbyist, so a compromise must be made to find the most ethical way to let the fish die with what we can obtain. Left: Dropsy is often the result of internal bacteria. Unless caught in the very early stages, the disease is almost always fatal The Hobbyist’s Options Freezing Notes: Freezing was often thought of as a very humane way to put a fish to sleep. The animal’s motabolism would slow down, go into a state of hibernation, fall asleep and peacefully pass away. Judging by the results obtained from the above experiment, this is not so, actually being the most inhumane method tested. I have used this method in the past but never been completely comfortable with it. Despite the results of this test, if your fish is in obvious pain and is not going to improve, you may have to face the lesser of two evils. Unless the fish is in extreme distress, I would not recommend it. Procedure: Place the fish in a container of its own tank water and put it in the freezer. Wait long enough for the water to completely solidify as goldfish can survive being partially frozen. Try not to disturb the fish in this time. Clove Oil Notes: Clove oil is often used as an anaesthetic in fish surgery and would seem an obviuous method. However, promotion of the wrong method of use has cast a shadow over its effectiveness. Many websites suggest using vodka to emulsify the oil allowing the fish to absorb it easily, yet the alcohol causes great distress to the fish and then consiquently, to the owner. I have had many emails from disturbed owners telling me how their fish has appeared to be in great pain, leaping about in the water during this so called “humane” process of euthanasia. If used properly, it can be quite a gentle method to use, as revealed in the table. It is also easily obtained through health food shops and pharmacies. Procedure: Place the fish in a container of around half a gallon of its own tank water. Take some more water from the tank into a jar or bottle. Add around 10 drops of clove oil and shake vigerously until the mixture has completely emulsified. Gradually add the mixture to the fish’s container. Leave it in the solution for 10 minutes. Some people choose to decapitate the fish afterwards to make completely sure the fish is deceased and not just heavily sedated. Severing of the spinal cord Notes: This method needs a strong stomach. Procedure: You can do this either under water or not. Place a sharp knife behind the gill of the fish and quickly cut through the spinal cord, taking the head clean off. Hard blow to the head Notes: Again, not for the faint of heart. Procedure: Place the fish in a bag without water. Take a relatively heavy object and strike as hard as possible over the head of the fish. If you are likely to hesitate, try another method. In conclusion, I would recommend the clove oil method above all else that the average hobbyist has close at hand. If you follow the instructions listed above, it is infallible and can put your mind at rest that you let your pet go in the kindest way you could.
  6. Gorgeous little group ^_^ What plants do you have in their tank? Mine always used to eat whatever plants I put in there!
  7. I was recently asked what filter seeding is and how to do it. As luck would have it, I was just about to seed a filter myself that evening so I took a series of photos to explain the process. Seeding is a method by which beneficial bacteria is transferred from one place to another, for instance, in the case of a new aquarium or when upgrading filters. It creates an instantly safe environment for the fish if done properly, preventing new tank syndrome and related deaths due to waste build up. This is my method of seeding, I'm sure other people do it differently but this has always worked perfectly for me. You will need: Old filter media New filter A bucket 1. Put the old sponges in the bucket. 2. Fill the bucket with water from the tank. Using plain tap water may kill the bacteria. 3. Squeeze like you've never squeezed before! Get as much of the beneficial bacteria out of those sponges as you can! If you're only borrowing the sponges from another tank, try not to take more than about 30% (and make sure the tank is free from pathogens!). 4. Take the sponges out. Your water will probably look a bit grubby by now but that's exactly what you want to see. 5. Stick the new filter in the bucket, make sure it's submerged and flick it on. 6. Leave the filter on for about an hour or until the water is clear with the majority of the gunk on the bottom having been sucked into the filter (mine only has sand left) 7. Put the new filter in the tank and you're done! It's always advisable to put some Nutrafin Cycle or equivalent in there too, just to give the bacteria a bit of a helping hand. If you've just been borrowing the sponges from another tank, put a dash in that tank too. I don't think seeding is talked about enough in this hobby, yet it's such a simple and potentially lifesaving procedure for your fish. And it saves you the stress of cycling too!
  8. This morning I found that the fish in the pond were chasing each other and there were no plants for the eggs to be layed on so I decided to make myslef some breeding mops. Here are some fool proof instructions how to make them. 1) Get a towelling cloth of some sort, either a flannel or one of those little hand towels you get off the plane: 2) Cut the towel into strips about 1-2" and leave about an inch or 2 at the top of the cloth: 3) Shake the towel vigerously to get any bits off and roll the cloth from the top quite tightly: 4) Blow up a rubber glove and twist the bottom. Tie the glove to the towel at the top: 5) Submerge the towel in the water of the pond/tank and wait for the eggs to roll in! Yes, admitedly it does look like a couple of people have drowned in your pond but its a good substitute when you have no plants. Make sure it isnt in the water any longer than a few days. After about 3 days, just take the glove off and stick it in the wash. Simple!
  9. i came across this idea today when i was trying to sort out some of the fungussy eggs from the healthy ones. this is a very reliable method i found. what you need to do is VERY gently take off the eggs from the plants and put them into a tub. only do this a few days after the spawning has taken place as they will be less well 'glued' to the plants. after you have collected all the eggs, get a straw and suck some eggs up very carefully so you dont suck too hard and end up having caviar for tea! put your thumb or tounge over the end you sucked from. put the straw to the light the first time you do this and you will be able to see the healthy eggs sinking quite quickly to the bottom of the straw and the unhealthy ones sinking very slowly. now put the end of the straw in the water so the healthy eggs can sink down into the water. hold the straw up to the light again to make sure there aren't any you missed and then you can take your tongue or thumb off the end of the straw into another tub and dispose of the unhealthy eggs. et viola! no fungus scares any more!
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