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AquaAurora

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Everything posted by AquaAurora

  1. No I am not asking historically which species of fish man first pulled from its natural habitat and put into containers of water/man made ponds. I'm asking which you as a both betta and gold fish owner bought first. Did you start on bettas then get into goldfish? Or the other way around? Which do you have more of (fish count and tanks)? For me it was bettas first then goldfish. I have a lot of planted betta tanks -9 actually, 1 is my husband's betta. I have to stay out of petstores to resist buying more bettas (so many lovelies!) and turning my stored/qt tanks into active planted betta tanks. I enjoy the 2 goldfish I have and they enjoy their 1 40g breeder tank (really love hand feeding and handling them-can do the same with some of my bettas but have to be so much more delicate with the smaller fish), but I don't see myself getting more goldfish/goldfish tanks... unless I can get my hands on a 6 foot long tank for a good price... but around here those cost a bloody arm 'n a leg.
  2. Glad to hear! Look forward to seeing photos after you build ^^
  3. Thanks, i was unsure if it was a mis-IDed sag or a non pygmy chain sword. Thanks and you're welcome ^^
  4. The plant mass overtaking the HOB its even bigger now!! The last photos are 3 months old. I really should hack it back a bit >.>'' Its cool though, I only see the hob from the back side, front/side view its completely covered by this blob! Downside: I forget there's an HOB under there and slack off on cleaning/unclogging the filter. Close up view of the tiny cute leaves of the Helxine soleirolii (note this is also called soleirolia soleirolii)
  5. DIY Filter Baffle with Sponge/Foam Media Bettas typically don't tolerate a lot of filter flow, especially the long finned variety as it can blast them around the tank. If you betta is in a tank with too strong a filter it may stay in the calm/no current sections of the tank only (which may mean it doesn't want to come up to feed because that puts it in a strong current). Also betta fins are very delicate and insanely easy to rip, so putting a cover over the intake pipe can help save fins from shredding! This DIY can also be applied to goldfish tanks with veiltails or very over powdered filters just be mindful to remove and ring out the foam frequently to avoid clogging. Materials Used: Black sponge/foam filter media for aquariums-no specific brand get something thick/big like a canister filter foam insert so you have plenty to work with. Tools Used: scissors Other Material and Tool Options: non aquarium sponge/foam media-be careful of dies, detergents, or other chemicals on the sponge/foam! razor blade or knife rubber band, fishing line, or 100% acrylic thread to tie foam on Photos: Details: So the photo example are for an HOB (hang on back filter) with a "thick sock" over the intake and a cut piece of foam for the outflow. You can see I used 2 different types of foam here, one fine and one course, it does not matter which you use, though the one on the outflow is more likely to shed fins-it feels like a rough plastic more than a foam but this tank is not a betta tank. I use the same principle for all betta tanks with canister intakes and HOBs. If you buy the Azoo palm hob filter it comes with a foam piece to put over the intake but it doesn't fit snugly as I would want so i used a rubber band on it. When the rubberband finally broke down I tied the foam onto the azoo palm with some fishing line. Ok enough babbling..HOW TO MAKE THESE: Go to a lfs and buy some sponge/foam filter media. I typically use coarse (small holed) black foam but you can use what ever (if possible open the box and feel the foam-if its rough don't use it for betta tanks). Sadly I cannot recall the brand of foam I used for my intake to recommend. Get it home and get something to cut with: scissors, razor, knife. If you have an intake tube (HOB or canister) turn off the filter and take the intake off and out of the tank. Lay it ontop of the foam and cut out a thick chunk around it. After cut a hole at the 'top' and snip down into it (but not all the way through) to make it a "sock" and slip it over the intake. Make sure it fully covers the slits, if its too small try to cut deeper into the core of the foam, if it simply is too short make a new one-this is why its good to get a big piece of foam to work with. Once the intake is down stick it back on the filter. For the outflow sponge piece I take the remaining large chunk of foam and lay it over the outflow then roughly cut out a piece of foam slightly longer than outflow so it will fit in there snugly. Let the piece of foam have enough height to it that it fits in the outflow but touches the surface or the water (or goes slightly below it). If you have an internal filter with waterfall outflow or a tank with a sump style (back compartment with pump that has slits to let water go into) use fishing line, thread, or rubber band (rubber bands will break down over time but should take months) where applicable and put a strip of foam over the intake slits. If the outflow is not a water fall style (like pictured above) but a nozzle you can get some non coarse foam (look more like 2nd foam shown in photos above) and tie/band it over the nozzle to reduce flow. Note covering the nozzle may strain the pump. An alternative it to poke holes in the hose that pushed water from pump to outflow. As you can see from the intake photo-it can get clogged over time-especially if you have snails. If its clogged and flow is getting reduced a lot simply turn off the filter during a water cahnge, take off the 'sock' and dunk/squeeze it in the removed tank water bucket then put it back on and turn the filter on again after tank si refilled (filter may need primed depending on type). Sied note: if you have a canister filter and want to reduce flow, use the spray bar and aim the holes at the wall its suction cupped to so water comes out the bar and mmmedietly hits the wall then bounces off and moves around the tank. I do this with an eheim 2211 on a 12" cube with an old betta, works great. Old photo was rescaping, you can see the spray bar aim with the water level so low Also if you want to try try making the outflow less obvious you can take off your HOB lid and put foam on top of the media box along with the foam over the outflow and plant it. There are a lot of terrestrial plants and some aquatic ones that do great in this sort of way. Same take as above last spring Riccia, wandering jew(Tradescantia zebrine), and Fittonia albivenis.. maidenhair fern (far left) didn't transition well and died-I was too rough on the roots. Shots of filter from last year Riccia, wandering jew(Tradescantia zebrine), and Fittonia albivenis, hydro sp. japan, and Helxine soleirolii (big blob) And most recently, the Helxine soleirolii completely took over! If you want more info/list on plants to put on HOB or for ripariums just ask (or view above post with list of riparium plants).
  6. ^^ In the last photo yes, she is a yellow koi (mostly yellow with black with a tiny bit of cellophane (clear areas of fins)). Koi is a term used by betta breeders for marbles. Marbles is a term used for bettas with unstable color genetics.. won't get too nerdy into ti but they tend to change color.. How much and what changes varies but with yellow koi they are fairly stable, typically the black will spread a bit more but that's about it (should not turn mostly/solid black). Blue and red tend to be more dominant at taking over the body/fins of marbles.
  7. Sprinkles ---Fantail--39g---3" body Chocolate--Oranda-39g---3" body
  8. DIY Anubias/Fern/Buce anchor Great easy way to tie down rhizome based plants like anubias, java ferns, and the quickly rising in popularity Bucephalandra (a realities of anubias). This method makes move the plants to clean them/around them or to rescape much easier than tieing them to larger rocks, driftwood, or bulky decor. Why go through all this trouble? Rhizome based plants should not have their rhizomes buried in the substrate, I've found often burying the rhizome leads to rhizome rot and death of the plant. IT best to keep the rhizome exposed in the water column. What is the rhizome? Its the horizontal part that both roots and leave sprout from. You can bury just the roots in substrate and leave the rhizome fully exposed, but often when you get new anubias/buce/ferns they don't have all that long of roots yet, or if they do your fish may knock them free (especially those goldfish ^.~ ). Materials Used: live plants low poundage clear fishing line glass beads Tools Used: utility knife Other Material and Tool Options: razor blade scissors knife 100% Acrylic thread rocks suction cups egg crate stainless steel mesh needle nose pliers window screen mesh shower scrunchie Photos: Details: Fairly straight forward. I'd recommend using clear low poundage fishing line (bought at tackle shop or local sporting goods store.. or even Walmart) OR 100% acrylic thread (never bought so unsure where it is for sale). Both will last forever, unlike cotton thread which does break down. I found using glass beads bought from a craft store (got a large package for $2) work best as they already have a hole to thread through making tieing string to bead very easy. I typically do 3 knots with fishing line or it may come undone. The beads being glass means they have some weight/won't float and won't effect water quality the way certain rocks can. After tieing one end to the bead I grab the plant I want anchors (java fern, anubias, etc.. you could even do it with a wad of moss), determine how high off the substrate I want it and loosely/gently tie around the rhizome (moss mass). Think of the rhizome as your arm and don't tie it too tightly or it'd be lie cutting off circulation in your limb-not good. After knotting and cutting off excess line, its as easy and plopping the weight into the tank and moving the pants where wanted then pushing the anchor under the substrate. While I sue glass beads you can also use egg crate (light diffuser), suction cups or rocks int eh same manner. Side tangent.. a bit of a mix of this DIY and the riccia/moss rock, I've also used window screen mesh, or stainless steel mesh to tie java fern down and anchor them against the substrate. For stainless steel I take needle nose pliers and bend all the tips down to avoid damaging fins then tie on fishing line and start weaving ferns onto it. For rock and window screen I cut and wrap window screen over the rock, tie it on with fishing line, then tie fishing line to the screen and weave it through tieing down java ferns. No suction cups so no eventual failure and float loose.
  9. Mini update: better photo (though old photo) of the Anti Glass Reflection DIY (reflection in photo is only from front glass) ps that ghost shrimp became lobster dinner
  10. Now you must COMPLETELY COVER that back wall in anubias! DO IT!!! Sorry I love anubias. I like the suction cup idea but never did it.. i get [censor]ed at how fast suction cups wear out.
  11. Looks good upside down. I always wanted a gravity defying tank like that ^.~
  12. I often see threads in the betta forums of newly bought bettas not wanting to eat. Sometimes its just them adjusting. Sometimes its illness(which can be noticed).. are the fins clamped at all? Do you notice swim bladder issues (beign stuck at the bottom/not able to swim up and stay up higher in the water column)? How densely decorated is the tank? I've noticed more barren tanks sometimes bettas get a bit shy in and don't more around as much (but every fish is different). What are you using for a filter? Remember bettas don't like strong currnet/flow. Some HOBs will blast them around the tank and they don't like that so they'll stick to calmer areas. If you have an HOB or internal waterfall filter consider putting some foam media over the outtake/spillway. If you use a canister filter use a spraybar and aim the holes at the tank glass they're suction cupped to so water comes out and immediately hits that glass then bounces off and moves around the tank-this helps with flow a lot. If you have an airpump driven sponge filters there's no need to make any flow mods. With food using frozen meat foods like blood worms or brine shrimp can get bettas interested.. live food even more so! A wiggly blackworm (aquatic worm-all my fish love them) will quite often get the hunting instinct to kick in. Another food option is garlic extract soaking. Many people use garlic extract to boost immune system and also report it gets fish to eat food they refused (good idea to soak medicated food with garlic to hide the bad taste). Instead of buying over priced garlic extract at a store you can make your own with galric, tap, and a container/bottle + lid or cling wrap and rubber band. DIY info on that:http://www.kokosgoldfish.invisionzone.com/forum/index.php?/topic/124491-some-of-my-diys/?p=1980040 Or if you keep minced garlic that's ONLY ingredients are: garlic, water, and citric acid you can strain water from that jar to soak food in. Bettas can live a few weeks without food so keep trying to get them to feed, but don't panic too much if they aren't eating yet.
  13. I have a question: does having a subscription give you access to use of PMs even if you have not reached the minimum post count yet?
  14. Thank you. Its always fun to make something yourself with a bit of creativity and a little handy-ness ^^ I enjoy sharing my DIYs and hope to get others thinking/do more DIYs themselves instead of just buying pre-made things at a store which can be limiting and more expensive.
  15. DIY Riparium Basket Materials Used: plastic shower basket with holes 'size' 12 coated copper wire-green plastic window/door screen (optional) clay media Tools Used: Needle Nose Pliers wire cutters/clippers/dykes (old school name) razor Other Material and Tool Options: Gardening Wire crafting mesh (optional) nylon stocking (optional) gravel lava rock other sizes or colors for coated copper wire zip ties Photos: Details: Ripariums are a great way bring more color and beauty to a tank as well as take up nitrates, but without taking up too much space under water. Having the leaves directly exposed to air lets the plants get their co2 much quicker so they can grow faster which means absorbing nitrates from the water more rapidly (plus fish and shrimp love the under water roots). Some people spend over $20 for riparium specific baskets with suction cups, mesh, and media. I decided to save more $ and use left over window/door screen (optional depending on media used), expanded clay pebble media (used commonly for aquaponic style gardening), and show baskets. Make sure the baskets are plastic and not painted (could chip off), and have holes/slits to let water in and roots grow out. You can skip the use of wire and just try the suction cups but the ones I got have issue staging in place and tend to sink below the water line. So I'll be using coated wire to keep them permanently in place! If you also use this DO NOT leave the exposed end of the copper in the water-it is not safe. I cut a length of wire and put it through the suction cup holes and against the tank to mold around the trim so it stays in place (if you have a rimless tank I'd not recommend doing this as the tension may damage the glass, use pliers instead to shape the wire). I used pliers to wrap the wire around itself on the back so it would not hand down past the black tank trim and be visible (alternatively you can just cut the wire). Because I'm using a larger clay media (only because I have a large bag leftover from an aquaponics setup-the white chalky-ness on the above photo if from dried calcium deposits from the tap) I don't really need the mesh for these baskets, but if you use smaller gravel or have a basket with larger holes you may need it. I just cut it to fit in the basket and cover the holes then fill with media. If you also use clay media I'd recommended soaking it for a day beforehand as it tends to float the first time it gets wet but once it absorbs enough water it will sink. You can also use tank gravel or pea gravel for your media, or even broken up lava rock. As for plants, well not all plants will like having their roots forever wet *(such as cacti/succulents), but some species do well for riparium setups. I've used the following plants successfully: Hemigraphis colorata 'Exotica' (aka Purple waffle) Hemigraphis repanda (aka Dragones tonue) Pothos Fittonia albivenis (aka angel kiss) Tradescantia zebrine (aka wondering jew) Cyperus Umbrella Sedge Aluminum plant (I've used on a raft) Friendship Plant (Pilea involucrata) Ruellia brittoniana 'Katie' Spathiphyllum (aka peace lily-be careful some species get HUGE) Dwarf Palm Neanthe Bella Syngonium (aka arrowhead plant) Antherium Aglaonema (Chinese evergreen) Alocosia polly Sweetflag Star Grass Rain lily Helxine soleirolii Philodendron Dracaena braunii (aka lucky bamboo) .. I'm sure I'm forgetting some Emersed aquatic plants: Riccia Aquatic mosses Creeping jenny Ludwigia Dwarf baby tears Hydro sp japan Water sprite Note: Once you start getting into ripariums its gets addictive. You may find yourself stuffing conductive plants (or plants you want to try) in every available space around the upper walls of the tank (and in HOB filters) until you are out or room.... you have been warned! Those are older photos here are more recent shots of the 20g long and 55g
  16. Here's one of mine (have several more), André. He was 99.9% flesh tone when he came home but has been marbling up for a few months now.
  17. Thanks ^^ She's the reason I got goldfish at all. My husband picked out and named her. Chocolate is the more hand friendly of the two, so although technically Sprinkles is mine and Chocolate is my husband's (I take care of both) I like Chocolate more but don't tell Sprinkles.
  18. Not much change yet Sprinkles the calico fantail April 2016- ??g June 22 2016- 39g Chocolate the blue oranda April 2016- ??g June 22 2016-39g (bonus-Very Berry the mystery snail)
  19. DIY Removable Tank Background Did this for my 20g long and 55g. The darker effect really makes fish/plants/decor pop. Having something removable like this makes it easy to clean or find missing fish tucked away in the back of the tank. Photos below are oooooold. 20g long is so over grown now you can't even see the back ^^ Materials Used: Black fabric Scrap Backer Board Scrap 2"x4" Short screws Tools Used: Measuring tape Chalk Fabric scissors Sewing machine Staple gun Drill Saw Other Material and Tool Options: Cardboard Paint Scrap drywall Large scrap wood Construction paper ... list goes on Photos: (Note: the 2x4" was removed from this recently as the background (and tank) is now flush with the wall.. not a real tank scape this is a quarantine for fish and plant atm) Details: I wanted a dark backdrop of my tanks instead of seeing my wall which has trim and goes from upper half drywall to wood at the bottom (house came this way, not my idea). I didn't care for something temporary like black construction paper (easily damaged by water), or the very reflective aquarium backgrounds you pay an arm and a leg for if its a long tank. I wanted something that wouldn't mold if it got wet so my husband suggested we use some of the leftover Backer board from a recent project (its a mold resistant drywall used in bathrooms and sometimes outdoor projects/extensions). I picked up a small bolt of black fabric at my local small business sewing store, measured the back of the tank and used my husband's square to make straight lines on the fabric with some chalk. I gave about 1-1.5" excess in material all around and cut this out of the fabric then handed it to my husband along with the tank back measurements. He used a saw to cut the backer board to size as well as a piece of "2 by 4" to work as a back/stand for the board. Drilled the two pieces together then using a staple gun put the fabric onto the backer board and it was done! This procedure was for the 20g, for the 55g we did the same thing but I got a more water resistant material at the sewing store and my husband used a glue (not sure which) instead of stapling the fabric. If you try this be sure to measure how much space you have behind the tank to fit the background. I have my HOBs n the sides instead of the back of the 20g, and use a canister in the 55 so there's no equipment in the way/front of the background (hide canister piping behind it in 55). I can pull the backgrounds out as needed if I want to rotate the tank (scratched the front glass so not its the back) or need to find a missing/hiding fish, or just are done with that background and want to try something new. No tape or sticky-ness on the glass from adhesive background methods and no scraping paint off. Note: this will not cure glass surfing caused from betta seeing its own reflection-view above DIY for help with that.
  20. DIY Anti Reflection Background This is a GREAT fix to glass surfing bettas. Glass surfing is the act of the betta going back and forth constantly against the glass They are chasing their refection because they see it as an intruder betta and are trying to chase it off 9rather unsuccessfully). This can stress bettas because to them, they never get left alone. Some fixed include adjusting lighting and angle of light, adding more decor (fake/live plants) around the side and back wall to reduce amount of visibility and make it harder to surf the glass. But my most successful fix for it was this DIY insert made to remove reflection. Materials Used: Acrylic sheet Krylon Fusion Black Tools Used: Sharpie Electric Saw Other Material and Tool Options: Lexan polycarbonate Utility knife razor blade.. just about any durable cutting tool Photos: Sorry no paint application photos Details: So one of my bettas glass surfed a lot in quarantine. TO keep it from being a problem in his final tank (and from him seeing another betta who is also on the desk in a tank next to his) I needed an aquarium safe way to paint inside the tank glass. Putting a background against the outside of it does not stop reflections. I looked into aquarium safe paints but non bound to glass. Some Googling led me to Krylon Fusion spray-paint. its commonly used in saltwater setups for DIY pvc plumbing for filters and for acrylic in tank sump boxes. More Googling said 48 seemed to be a decent cure time before use. I got acrylic sheets at my Home Depot and sanded one side to give a rough surface to let paint adhere to better. After spray painting that side I noticed the texture of the sanding showed through the paint so the acrylic was flipped over and the un-sanded side was painted. I let the acrylic sheets sit over 48 hours then did a 48 hour water test just to be safe. It turns out the un-sanded side took the pain better, and with only one coat per a side not giving a fully solid black (its transparent enough you can see dark shadows of objects behind it) it was good enough for use. A back and one side wall piece were made and tucked into the tank using 'egg crate' (a plastic light diffuser) that were being used for rocks in the tank. The beta does not glass surf the dark sides but one side wall was left un-coverd and he is glass surfing there so I will most likely make another piece to go in.. If you use Kyrlon read its directions and warnings. I strongly suggest using it outside, if done indoors without proper ventilation it can be dangerous. It was too cold to spay outside so this work was done in a room with a door to the outside nearby opened with a fan sucking the air out. If you make these sheets make sure they are secure against the tank wall. Mine are anchored under the substrate and I put a tiny piece of black tape at each corner at the top just to be safe. I used Kryon Fusion and it seems to be the one other aquarium hobbiest use.. however I cannot say if other versions of Krylon (non 'fusion') are aquarium safe. The tank has been set up for over a year and a half now and Aristocoles (ee betta boy in there) has had no issues with the Kyrlon...and its held up well. I'll will make 3 more Krylon fusion painted pieces for my other betta's cube and paint his canister pipes black eventually. Added bonus: black non reflective background in tank means diatoms (aka brown algae) is not noticeable on it compared to on clear shiny glass) As a side not: I also made a lid with the acrylic to compare with my Lexan lids... in less than 6 days it was bowed more than my over 6 month old Lexan lids.. not good lid material.. but the sheets in the tank have no bowed. I had to replace the lid with a Lexan one as the corners had turned up far enough on the acrylic that the betta could easily jump out.
  21. Thanks and I agree. I have some old photos of that tank, its very different now. Let me dig them up . . . Here we go this was taken the same week as the shorts above. Blyxa j., micro sword, and a plant in the front that eventually took over. It was mis-sold to em as pygmy chain sword but I don't know what it really was. thanks
  22. I mostly have browns now, and a few of them are leopard but they're so dark its hard to tell (spoted(haha) a few when plucking out snails from a different tank for the dwarf puffer's meal). Thanks ^^ I've, not had a blue shell with blue flesh, just blue with pink, they were the rarer ones. These were in a planted 3g bubble bowl with cherry shrimp.
  23. It was pretty disturbing, I don't know how the [censor] she could sleep at night with that tank less than 2 feet from her pillow.. fish starving...dieing (being eaten by other starving fish) and rotting.... But plus side got me into the hobby via free tank (really wish she's given it to be before all the fish were dead though).
  24. Probably my favorite variation of ramshorns is the blue leopard, but the brown leopard is also cute. I sue to have them a few years ago in my 3g bubble bowl, but don't' see many these days in my various tanks. Anyone else kept/keeping Leonard ramshorns? I enjoy them for their look and they make a great clean up crew.
  25. I've only recently started keeping goldfish but have had other fish (tropical, sub tropic, and dwarf shrimp) for a few years. Before I even got my first tank as an adult (not going to get into the nightmare my mother caused as a child with a 10g..) my niece (husband's side) got a 10g tank kits and maybe 10 neon tetra. Short version, her parents did nothing to make her take proper care of the tank. She left the light on 24/7, waaaaaay over fed, and never did a water change. After several months the tank turned green with algae EVERYWHERE you could not see in. When you opened the lid the surface was covered in tetra squirming and thrashing for food-easily over 100.. maybe closer to 150 in there. I think because of how murky the tank was the 3rd.. 4th gens were a brown color, no neon-ness to them besides shape/size (but the originals from the store still had color). I tried speaking with the parents and the niece about simple things like water changes to get all the poop out. To the niece (I think she was 12 maybe?) I asked if she ever went into a gross public bathroom that someone did not flush, and you would not want to go near that toilet, and the whole room smelled bad enough you'd probably barf (we've all seen this). She said yes..I told her her tank is like that except the fish can't leave the bathroom. Simple water change ever day (or at least every few days) would make it not gross. She never did any. =.= tried telling the parents, they didn't care. I tried showing them simple care guides that the pet stores had, they brushed them off/change the subject. I talked to the parents about a simple and cheap light timer to deal with the algae so you could actually see into the tank.... no interest from any of them. I offered to take the tank and the fish to give them proepr care... niece didn't want to give it up, parent's didn't care "they're just fish".. ugh I hate that statement.. Eventually she "got tired of it" and turned off the tank light and stopped feeding the fish... she let them starve and die and rot in this tank next to her bed for months before my next visit. I was disgusted and asked why the parents didn't call me when she "was done with it" before all the fish died... got the same comment as before about "they're just some stupid fish".. I took the tank, dumped out the liquefied goop that once was fish at their house and took the tank/lid/light/filter/heater home with me( tossed the gravel and decor out). That became my fish tank.. and several years later I am at 14 >.>''' The same niece talked to me several years later about getting an aquatic turtle (red ear slider). I told her how big they get and how big a tank she MUST get for it.. because it would not stay small. I showed her photos of them full grown (not as cute as the babies she wanted to buy). Thankfully she lost interest since they don't stay cute and tiny and never bought one... In retrospect I probably should have shown her photos of rotting fish/fin rot/fungus infections before she let hers die then she'd have been too freaked out to let that happen right by her bed (again her tank was impossible to see into by the time she let it die).
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