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About kat

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  1. Thanks for the tips everyone I didn't realised some of you think that goldie keeping is harder than tropicals. I think I've been lucky with the lot I have so far, and don't plan to change anything to the goldie tanks a while as I'm not ready for it (changes == potential disasters!!!). I know the tank is a bit small, but i am willing to look around for smaller docile fish who can get along. I think kuhli's are small, it's the dojo's (weather loach) that grow very large. Time to start looking around in the fish stores Hidr, I haven't thought of seeding from my cycled nasty tank. Sounds like a good idea! What if the goldie tank has got some nasties in it that is no good for tropicals? I asked someone who had no difficulty with getting tropical fish from a popular lfs here. But if you ask me, i've never seen any lfs with 100% healthy goldies for sale. They are always diseased or fluke infested. So IMO it's a matter of time that they will die in a new home, except for hardy comets. I always treat for flukes for any new goldies after noticing this. So it was interesting to me to know that tropicals from the same lfs appear to be able to last for a long time without issues.
  2. Hi all, I have a 60 litre tank (15 gallon) which is too small for keeping goldies long term, usually has been my quarantine tank. I have been keeping goldies for 6 years now, know the basics about water quality, but have never used the aquarium heater much. I would like to set this tank up with tropical freshwater fish. For a start, I know that I want kuhli loaches (at least 4), as they sound lovely, but will not be good for my goldie tank which goes as low as 10-15C in winter. I would like your advise on what I should do differently to what I know now when starting my first small tropical fish tank. I am just guessing most of the concepts are the same. I know I should especially read up about all fish types I'm planning to get and get the water parameters accurate, as goldies are hardy tolerant things. 1. Should I try fishless cycling? Or is it not necessarily as small tropicals produce too little waste, and I can just add a few fish at a time?) 2. Heater matters. My tap water is really cold in winter. Do I put a bit of boiled water in the new water to raise the temperature during water changes? What else should I be aware of? 3. What goes well with Kuhli loaches? I've been reading the following http://www.auspet.com/fish08.html and thinking of: * Kuhli loaches (my must have!) * Upside Down Catfish? They look cool to me. * gourami - is this a good idea, and which breed is smaller and less aggressive? * tetras of somesort, but which one should I attempt? ... What do you think? Can you give me some ideas on other breeds I should check out, perhaps ones common in shops here. I would like some colour in my tank, as it's a small one I have to choose wisely. 4. Can someone explain salting requirements for tropicals? I use sea salt as a preventative measure for my goldie tank, but I hear tropicals need a certain amount of salt, but is it for the same reasons as goldfish? 5. I have never worried about gH before, can someone explain if it's a serious thing for me to monitor with Australian tap water? 6. How do I quarantine tropical fishes differently? For my goldies, I always treat for flukes (Para-ex from Wardleys - a no-no for kuhlis I know), and ~0.3% salt. But what do you usually do for tropicals? I'm very paranoid about parasites, especially flukes. How about compulsory praziquantel for all new fish? I also want to put a few plants in there. I've only ever had Elodea, but will read up about tropical plants as a separate project. Appreciate any advice
  3. Hi all, Sigh, I lost a fish recently. Very disappointing, and after reading I lost hope that nothing can be done. It's too late now for this one, but I wanted to get everyone's feedback. I got a telescope fantail and an active black ranchu of the same size in feb. They were both healthy looking, the ranchu extremely active. The telescope had cataract-like whiteish colour in its eye lens. I was quite certain it could not see well, but it could at least smell and graze for food. They were both doing very well in the quarantine tank, with good water conditions etc. I was away for work for 2+ days and did not feed them then as I thought it was ok (I do feed every other day, or once a day usually). And the ranchu has bitten a a good amount on the side of the poor fantail. There was no fungus, and the fantail was sitting, so I took the ranchu away to another tank where it's doing very well still. I note that the ranchu does bully, I've seen it in the past, but not as ferocious. Now, the fantail never got better. I used melafix, and in fact it became emaciated. In the first few days it did swim occasionally to graze, then sit. It seemed to be eating and pooping while it is wasting away. I read around that there is no cure at this stage, so it was really sad to watch. The wound had very little red patches, but no fungus. I was hopeful that it would get better when I saw that it was eating and pooping, but it still got even skinnier and eventually passed on. I feel awful for not having the will of putting it down Anyway, I thought that if it was a stronger fish, it would have survived. Maybe it's one of those cases where the fish will never make it in a community tank. It will be picked on, and it will be too weak to survive. I don't learn my lesson my picking hardy fish do I. Is this how you guys feel over here? What are everyone's thoughts? Is there really no cure for when fish start wasting away? This is my first time seeing this. Meds are very limited here. I did try to feed flagyl, added just a bit of sea salt, and I had tetracycline which I didn't end up using as I didn't want to mix meds.
  4. Interesting, I always thought water left out in nature should be ok to use, as long as it doesn't have any dodgy contaminants (didn't realise air bacteria will affect fish). What was I thinking! On a different note, I do leave treated water in big bottles for water changes (letting it stand for some time, even longer) instead of taking it from the tap and treating directly. The bottles are clean - is this a no-no?
  5. Hi all, This is embarassing, but I have to ask the experts. Months ago (maybe 6 or more now) I cleaned out my empty aquarium (I did use PP to sterilise it) and then filled it with freshwater, with a small amount of leftover gravel in the tank. I thought I'll start putting more fish in it some day, but the day never came. Now, about a few cm has evaporated off, the stagnancy of the water looks dubious to other people (not me, cos I do want to save water if possible). I am wondering now whether it is safe to use it, or to just replace it altogether?
  6. I am thinking of getting zebra danios, seen them in a tank with a goldie with no issues. I think they add to the excitement of the tank...fast moving, energetic etc My only concern is with medications. I am used to salting tanks, and using my usual stock of chemicals with goldies...are danios just as hardy, unlike tropical fishes? I won't know how to quarantine danios, figured goldies are more tolerant?
  7. Hi JenW, thanks for the reply...at times like this it sucks having to go through this ordeal alone Yes in OZ chemicals are very lacking. I wish medigold exists here, or a bit more decent antibiotics. The pet shelther and vets here don't work with fish too. Just dogs and cats, the common pets, oh well. I'm not sure what else to do, I have switched to melafix/pimafix combo as I realised that TC doesn't seem to help, or could be doing more damage (???). He's just so listless, sitting on the bottom with all his fins (dorsal, pectoral, anal ) clamped up. I wish I knew what to do. He's in clean dechlorinated+aged water, salted 0.1% with the medication. His tail is also a bit torn at the edges (fin rottish), which made me wonder if the TC did something bad. The other antibiotic I found that I have not used before is "bactonex" by aquasonic (main ingredient aminacrine hydrochloride & methylene blue. Could someone tell me if this is safe to use, what it does, and how to dose it? (I got this from someone and the label is worned out). Please help.... the fish is so listless, but seems to be eating when food comes and pooping normal brown stuff (is there hope???) maybe I should be putting this in the 911 forum? Could someone do this for me? PS: edited to add that I think it's flukes, because besides the flashing (that I failed to respond to quickly, stupid stupid me!), was that I could see them. Been here before about this issue last year. I am also eager to know if someone can clarify whether this sitting down with everything clamped, and tattered tail + pop-eye is a normal symptom of stress from flukes, or something else.
  8. Dear all, I lost a fish after it started dropsying. I realised that it could be flukes again. Unfortunately this batch of fishes I have area really hardy, so I suppose when I've already seen the symptoms (very very occasional flashing) this summer they've probably got extremely burdened by it all and snapped. I have another fish that started to swell a bit. And he is now in a QT with some epsom and tetracycline antibiotics (that's the only antibiotic I can find here, besides melafix/pimafix ). He's now very clamped fins, with a slight black tinge on the tail (the other one that died had black patches on the sides, but I suppose this is because they are trying to heal from the stress?). On the other hand I have another fish in the main problem tank (that has already been dosed with trichlorphon) that seems to be doing ok, swimming happily with fins all erect. I will keep dosing this tank with her in it as she seems to be coping better than the other who needs to be in QT. What else should I do guys? I felt the sick one's body and it doesn't feel soft like the one that died. Is there hope? Water is fresh and replaced 2x a day. Oh and I forgot to say that his dropsy condition has disappeared (because of the pinch of epsom?), but he has a bit of pop-eye. Oh I'm so sad I've already stopped getting the fancier goldfish (just fantails and comets), and wasn't expecting this to happen all over again. My fault too as I really should have done a precautionary dose of prazi when the weather got really hot here. I totally forgot that flukes is a long term problemm and is always there!
  9. Coo, thanks for your reply JenWl. I know para-ex (trichlorphon) is quite nasty for you...not supposed to touch for your nerves sake etc. I have a large external filter...do you think I should turn them off? There's so gonna be lots of flukes there...and I don't want existing bio bugs there to die when the filter is turned off. What do I do? I don't have carbon in there so maybe it's ok. I always thought that organophosphates kill invertebrates and parasites like that...just wasn't sure if the good bacteria are invertebrates too
  10. Hi all, I'm a bit hazy on this as it's not written in the product description... I'm trying to eliminate possible flukes (again) in my final tank. I have my emergency Para-Ex tablets with trichlorphon as the main ingredient. Is this safe to dose in my final (non hospital) cycled tank? Is it safe for the plants in there? I know prazi is. Thanks
  11. I do hold them vertically. I guess with the last few drops left it won't be accurate anymore, due to the air pressure in the bottle etc etc perhaps
  12. Hi guys, I use my fish water during changes to water the garden. I learnt that (deactivated) PP kills plants (opps -and I thought plants need 'potassium' in their soil, oh well). I know that Prazi is 'safe' to use. I don't dare use tetracycline because I think it kills bacteria and don't want to kill anything 'good' in the ground. How about other chemicals, like say Para-ex which contains trichlorphon and something else. I'm using that now. I also figured it might be a good to know about other medications too. Oh, and how about salted water, is 0.3% or 3% safe to plants? PS: don't know where this question should go
  13. Cool! heheheh, I can't wait to tell my husband about this. He was so sure it's impossible to take photos of a microscope sample - I bet he'll think I'm crazy for suggesting this later Can't wait to try at home....now to find microbugs to take photos of.... Paul - no more bug drawing for us woo hoo! Can someone put this useful info in a sticky for microscope users? Thanks Awrieger!
  14. awrieger, I'm impressed as well - is that what you really did? Take a digital picture from the microscope eye piece? I never thought that would be possible, especially this clear! My microscope had a "projector" view where it reflects the slide picture on say a wall. Even taking a clear picture of the bigger shadow on the wall is hard for me. I have to try now
  15. I think the shaking is due to parasites of some sort (flukes in my case) attacking the gills, so i think it's important to tackle this issue immediately as well. Resources I've read usually stress on tackling the parasite first, then the bacterial stuff. I wonder if we can do this at the same time? I'm just worried because parasites hide very well in the gills, and salt baths might not get them out and weaken the fish during bacterial treatment Daryl's advice about taking microscope scrapes will be useful too, it's good to know who the enemy is.
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