Jump to content


Regular Member
  • Posts

  • Joined

  • Last visited

Everything posted by jody

  1. Digestion Goldfish have a keen sense of smell. Nostrils are located above their mouth and flaps direct the water though and out the back opening. Goldfish have a unique digestive system among fish. They have no stomach therefore digestion moves rather quickly through the digestive tract, thus producing more waste than most fish. They even have teeth to start the digestive process. After the teeth grind down the food it is pushed down the oesophagus where water is squeezed out. The oesophagus is where taste buds are and little hairs that keep the broken down food along its path. Then the food passes into an expandable section thought to be the stomach for many years but there are no enzymes or acids present here. It does hold excess food though. But just before the expandable section is where enzymes and bile from the pancreas and gallbladder break down the food as it passes through. Proteins and fats are broken down here. All along the tract enzymes are secreted to break down carbohydrates and covert to sugar. Mucus is produced from this expandable section right to the anus. This is where the nutrients are absorbed for energy, growth and repair. This process takes about 16 hours depending upon temperature. Feeding Goldfish should be fed several smaller meals rather than one big one as the latter passes through with much undigested food, causing more waste. And more waste equals deadly ammonia that is toxic to the fish. However it should be noted that properly cycled tanks convert ammonia to nitrates which are non-toxic except in high levels. Goldfish are omnivores and should be fed a varied diet to ensure proper nutrition. A dry food should be chosen as a staple preferably one with pro-biotic. Avoid flakes as the fish will take in excess air while nibbling from the top and produce gas. Sinking granules tend to be richer in nutrients and are known to cause less problems. They should be pre-soaked to minimize any air in the food. Feeding flakes twice a day is not the way to treat goldfish and their needs. Some foods to include can be blood worms, brine shrimp for protein and also fruits and vegetables for the nutrients. Ensure any hard vegetables are cooked or finely grated and any hard fruits are finely chopped. One thing about fruits and vegetables is that they should not be a main part of the goldfish diet, they should supplement a staple food. Blanched un shelled peas are one way fed for several days to clear the digestive tract. Live plants can be a source of food and give them something to nibble on throughout the day. Worms and such from the ground should not be fed as they can contain parasites and pesticides. Avoid breads as they can ferment in the digestive tract and causing gas which will affect the swim bladder. Food can be the cause of many problems with goldfish including bouncy and swimming troubles. They will eat as much as possible causing these problems is why they should be fed minimally and more often than as one big meal. This type of feeding mimics them in the wild where they would be constantly grazing. Fasting one day a week is also recommended to clear their tract. A word about protein: 60-80% protein should be fed for growing goldfish less than one inch. 40-60% for young fish and females which are producing eggs. 30-40% for older fish and maintained diets. Feed your goldfish accordingly to provide a long and healthy life. They will thank you and be less susceptible to disease and swimming problems. Enjoy goldfish keeping!
  2. I am moving about a two hours drive away and I have some questions. I think I know how to acclimatize them: bring a bucket of tank water and use that for starting the new tank and gradually(every 15 minutes) add the new water. Now about the transporting. I have a battery operated air pump so that will help. I moved them across town here in a rubbermaid but I found whenever I hit a bump the water was splashing up and hitting the lid. I am worried that one of the fish will get slammed against the side or top if I brake hard or hit a huge bump. Do I fill the rubbermaid to the top or what? Any help would be appreciated.
  3. I have a Telescope named Google, and he hogs my Black Moors food. He will protect the food and eat fast and also fight for the food, bullying my Oscar around during feeding. I tried different feeding methods, dropping a large amount of pellets in first to keep Google busy, because he would inhale like 8 pellets at a time, and then drop some more food so that Oscar could get some. That just ended up Google getting overfeed. My Oscar is a sensitive fish when it comes to her food so I have to feed her homemade gel food. I drop the gel food in the tank and it goes all over and Oscar usually gets her share. Oscar is eyesight handicapped so she always goes to the same spot in the tank to feed. So if the food is not there she wont get any. This results in Google getting over fed again. I thought of a tank divider but with my 30 Tall tank I would have to custom cut one. If you have ever used a tank divider you would know what a pain these things are to remove with all the filters, heaters, and air stones in the road. My Oscar was flipping upside down and floating because of the pellet food and the inconsistent amount of food she was getting. Because Google was so aggressive I just kept adding food hoping Oscar would get here share. This caused problems on so many levels. More waste which is more ammonia. I finally found a solution: Keep a Rubbermaid container next to your tank with a small amount of water in it, primed of course. When it is feeding time use a milk bag pitcher and transfer some tank water to the Rubbermaid. Net the dominant fish and release him/her (most likely a male) into the Rubbermaid. Feed each fish and allow them to eat in peace. I use an air stone in my Rubbermaid to ensure oxygen is always at a good level, that way I can leave Google in there for an hour if I want. When the feeding is over net the dominant one and release him back into the main tank and transfer over half of the Rubbermaid water into the tank. This way the water stays filtered and cycled. When it is feeding time repeat. With multiple fish try removing the most dominant one and monitor the behavior during feeding. If necessary upgrade to more rubbermaids for each fish. Even if you have a 55 gallon tank you shouldn't need any more than 3-4 Rubbermaids. This is worth the health benefits for your water and your fish. Good luck and here are some pictures All you need: Feeding Time: Thanks for reading
  4. Can goldfish have memories, feel pain, and have personalities? It seems like this might be an easy answer for most goldfish lovers who like to name, feed and give them loving homes. But specifically concerning pain some scientists say the signs that fish exhibit this is simply a reflex drawn from their Nervous System. These scientists have studied and concluded that pain that can only be felt in organisms with a Neocortex, a six layered type of cortex present only in mammals. So without this cortex fish would not feel pain. Even though the brains of vertebrates all share characteristics and are thought to have evolved from the same structure. By caring for a goldfish you will see it is almost like they have behavior similar to cats and dogs. Goldfish will get excited when their owners enter the room by sensing their footsteps and visual cues. Some will even hide behind ornaments when confronted with a stranger. Goldfish will even know what time it is to be fed, given that it is at the same time every day. They will also exhibit behavior showing their owner delight or distaste for the food they receive. Some goldfish will eat almost anything and some will only eat certain foods. Goldfish can have unique personalities by showing off doing swimming tricks and chasing each other around the tank. They have shown certain behaviors when ill such as not eating, huddling in a corner, and sometimes cuddle up to each other. These creatures have an amazing ability to learn and memorize. They can be trained to swim through hoops, go through mazes for food rewards, and are able to navigate quicker around objects that they have sensed before. New studies have shown fish to remember pain such as an electrical shock and to avoid stimuli that will test this threshold. Also memories have been proven to last for up to 3 months in goldfish. Most importantly goldfish are showing scientists what all us goldfish lovers have known for years, love.
  • Create New...